Black Box

When Developers Can’t Explain Their AI, Laws No Longer Apply

The hows and whys of the decisions of machine-learning algorithms are increasingly opaque, even to their programmers. That makes laws and norms increasingly difficult to apply.

Computo Ergo Sum: Should AI Be Self-Aware?

Artificial intelligence is often portrayed in fiction as having consciousness. In reality, making AI self-aware may not be useful. Unfortunately, that doesn’t preclude things from going horribly wrong.